What Are The Routes Of Medication Administration?

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

How many routes of administration are there for medicines? The 6 routes of medication administration.

What are the different routes in administering medications?

RouteExplanation
oralswallowed by mouth as a tablet, capsule, lozenge, or liquid
oticgiven by drops into the ear
rectalinserted into the rectum
subcutaneousinjected just under the skin

What are the 7 routes of drug administration?

For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

Which is the best route of drug administration?

Intravenous administration is the best way to deliver a precise dose quickly and in a well-controlled manner throughout the body. It is also used for irritating solutions, which would cause pain and damage tissues if given by subcutaneous or intramuscular injection.

What are the two major routes of drug administration?

Routes of administration of a drug are determined by its physical and chemical properties, patient characteristics and the rapidity of response desired. Major routes are oral, parenteral and topical.

What are the four routes of medication?

What are the 6 RS in medication?

something known as the ‘6 R’s’, which stands for right resident, right medicine, right route, right dose, right time, resident’s right to refuse.

What is dispensing in pharmacy?

Definition of ‘dispensing’ Dispensing is the provision of drugs or medicines as set out properly on a lawful prescription. The dispensing of drugs should be carried out by trained pharmacists. … Dispensing is the provision of drugs or medicines as set out properly on a lawful prescription.

What are the 5 basic principles for administering medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

Why are drugs given orally?

Many medications are taken orally because they are intended to have a systemic effect, reaching different parts of the body via the bloodstream, for example.

Should you wear gloves when administering oral medication?

When you are giving some types of medications, it is necessary to wear gloves. Change your gloves as soon as you have finished administering medications to the individual. Never re-use gloves for more than one individual and always wash your hands again after you take off your gloves.

Why is nitroglycerin not given orally?

Glyceryl trinitrate (or nitroglycerin) undergoes extensive hepatic presystemic metabolism when given orally. Therefore, it is usually given by the sublingual route, by which it is well absorbed and rapidly taken up into the circulation.

What drugs Cannot be given orally?

Commonly used drugs that undergo extensive first pass metabolism are cimetidine, lidocaine, propranolol, nitroglycerin, diazepam, midazolam, morphine, pethidine, imipramine, and buprenorphine. Some drugs like insulin are destroyed by the gastric secretions and therefore cannot be given orally.

Does a drug's route of administration matter?

Why Medication Administration Routes Matter If the drug’s efficacy will be affected by stomach acid, the medication cannot be taken orally. When a medication needs to be absorbed faster or slower, that may change how it’s delivered. The molecular structure of a medication matters too.

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